The UAV is an acronym for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, which is an aircraft with no pilot on board. UAV can be remote controlled aircraft
UAV no longer only perform intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance missions, although this still remains their predominant type. Their roles have expanded to areas including electronic attack strike missions, suppression and/or network node or communications relay, combat search and rescue , and derivations of these themes.
UAV can be used to perform geophysical surveys, in particular geomagnetic surveys where the processed measurements of the Earth’s differential magnetic field strength are used to calculate the nature of the underlying magnetic rock structure. A knowledge of the underlying rock structure helps trained geophysicists to predict the location of mineral deposits. The production side of oil and gas exploration and production entails the monitoring of the integrity of oil and gas pipelines and related installations. For above-ground pipelines, this monitoring activity could be performed using digital cameras mounted on one or more UAV. The View UAV is an example of a UAV developed for use in oil, gas, and mineral exploration and production activities.
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